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True-Safe Technologies, Inc has developed a revolutionary AFCI technology that will bring safety, security and peace of mind to residential and commercial property owners. To appreciate, one has to understand what the technology is protecting against; fires from electrical arcs. The next logical question then is, what is an arc?

What is an arc?

Majority of consumers are under the impression that  electrical fires  are caused by short circuits represented by an explosive sound (a big bang), or overload. Although these can as well cause fires, most electrical fires are caused by the phenomena called arcing which are mainly classified as low and high current arcing. Low current arcing   occurs along a wire or conductor when it is cut but sections are not  completely isolated  from each other,  or when a terminal connection is loose causing an intermittent flow of current in the circuit. High current arcing occurs when an unstable current path is established  between two parallel conductors resulting from a breakdown of  insulation, or a pinge, causing an intermittent flow of current. These  arcing conditions are equally destructive in that the heat generated gets so intense that can burn the insulation and ultimately the surrounding materials resulting in structural fire.

The National Fire Protection Agency notes that in 2006 alone, electrical fires damaged approximately 52,500 homes, killed 340 people, and cost $1.447 billion in property damage. Although short circuits and overloads account for some of these fires, arcs are responsible for the majority and are undetectable by traditional (non-AFCI) circuit breakers.

AFCIs function by monitoring the electrical characteristics of a circuit and promptly isolating (interrupting) it from the power source when an arcing condition is detected. To be commercially viable, they must be capable of distinguishing between safe or normal arcs from arcs that can cause fire. True-Safe’s AFCI receptacle outlets will be the first of its kind..